ELECTRONIC WASTE
What happens to your electronic device or appliance when you dispose of them?
Education | Social | MakerSpace
29th June 2019
We all love electronic gadgets Some of us even love them; we seek to have and want to get the latest electronic/electrical devices And deservedly, we are right to love them. They make our lives easier, comfortable, and entertaining and etc.But Have you thought of what happens to that spoilt or outdated electronic/electrical gadget you dispose of some time ago. where do they final end up when they can't be use or repaired ?where do they end up.? Hold on to that thought Let me ask you any idea what can cause a beautiful and a delight of nature, wetland into this..........

To answer the question of what happens to your electronic device after disposal. Well, it is likely to end up among what we called E-waste.

Electronic waste may be defined as discarded computers, office electronic equipment, entertainment device electronics, mobile phones, television sets, and refrigerators.
This definition includes used electronics which are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling, or disposal
    1. Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE or e-waste) represent a multi-billion dollar global industry
    2. Total amount of e-waste generated world-wide annually is 48.9 million metric tons
    3. According to a report by UNEP the amount of e-waste being produced - including mobile phones and computers - could rise by as much as 500 percent over the next decade in some countries.
    4. A 2011 report, Ghana E-Waste Country Assessment, found that of 215,000 tons of electronics imported to Ghana,
      1. 30% were brand new and 70% were used
      2. Of the used product, the study concluded that 15% was not reused and was scrapped or discarded.
    5. The current amount of imported electronics can be estimated around to be around 400,000 tons.
    6. Based on previous data, the total generated E-waste which ends up at the informal sites (Agbogbloshie) is estimated around to be around 184,000 tons for the year 2014.


What will it contain?


The story is told of a once named Old Fedema or Ayaalo , was a wetland, a pastoral landscape at the periphery of Accra’s urban center. The story has it that, in 1996, 10 men migrated from the northern part of Ghana and became the first settlers of the land. This event became the era of Agbogbloshie and this is the story as told by the scrap dealers.The current settlement of Agbogbloshie now consists of about 6,000 families or 30,000 people, situated on the left bank of the Odaw River, and in the upper reaches of the Korle Lagoon in Accra. There are at least four different social and economic factors driving the establishment and growth of Agbogbloshie.
    1. Spill-over population associated with the size and growth of the adjacent market;
    2. TMigration from the north of Ghana, as an outcome of tribal conflict;
    3. Social downward movement by those forced out of more expensive areas in Accra, partly attributable to the impact of the Structural Adjustment Programme initiated in the early 1980s; and
    4. Cheaper settlement area free from bureaucratic constraints and high rentals in recognized formal are-as in Accra.


    5. As at March 2014, Agbogbloshie: was the world's largest e-waste dump

      So what happens at the world most polluted and toxic site; Each month, cargo containers arrive in Agbogbloshie, often illegally, from countries all over the world, including the United States, the United Kingdom and Japan. The Basel Convention prevents the transfrontier shipment of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries. Only three countries, the United States, Afghanistan and Haiti, have never ratified the convention.
      Also our ever increase love for electronic goods, moreover cheap electronic stuff from this countries continuously to fuel their activities; more importation, more e-waste
      For the meantime, economic activities booms, the hustle goes on. And as a known fact, Economic Activities breeds Pollution. In this case, alarming forms of pollution. Airborne toxins from the e-waste dump continue to leach into the soil, water and food chain, both severely polluting the environment and endangering public health. Greenpeace labs tests have shown the water and soil from areas in Agbogbloshie revealed the area contained concentrations of toxins at levels a hundred times more than the allowable amount.

      The Odaw River dies into a plastic waste-choked concrete canal, contributing to the harm caused by increased flooding in Accra. Exposure to these fumes is especially hazardous to children, as these toxins are known to inhibit the development of the reproductive system, the nervous system and the brain.

      In similar e-waste processing areas, with conditions and demographics like those of Agbogbloshie, 80% of the children have dangerous levels of lead in their blood.

      Inhabitants often suffer from chronic nausea, headaches, chest and respiratory problems. The most alarming; Thousands of youth risk their lives every day working without safety precautions or protective gear in highly hazardous informal sector e-waste recycling. The question which we should ask ourselves is that, “ money it worth it?” The pollution, healthy risks and all the other negatives outcomes of this recycling activates, does it worth it
      Surely, we can do something about it.



      But what can we do?


      Some of the proposed solutions are

      1. Forced Eviction & Demolition
      2. Large Scale Industrial Recycling


      As good as they might seems to be, implementing will not be easily something, we will all testify to. AMA will be our first witness to attest to this. Force the large scale industrial recycling; it will take a strong will from the government to implement it as it require huge set-up capital.

      Whiles we wait for this to help; we believe something can be done nowThe E-waste Paradise team propose to use our technical backgrounds ranging from engineering to environmental science to help address the e-waste problem through several interrelated initiatives:
        1. Research the global cycle of e-waste from generation to imports and local recycling.
        2. Map the flows of e-waste by type throughout the Agbogbloshie dump site.
        3. Assess current methods for dismantling and disposal of e-waste at Agbogbloshie.
        4. Educate the local youth community about the dangers
        5. Design alternative approaches for improved practices of e-waste handling locally:
          1. Reduce e-waste generation and importation at the source.
          2. Re-use parts and components of e-waste.
          3. Recycle materials from e-waste in a sustainable manner.


Photos